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The Living Universe
Scientific evidence of God's design

 

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Evidence Confirms the Big Bang Theory

Initially the theory of an expanding universe received a cold reception. Even the 'Big Bang' label was first applied in a derogatory fashion. However the accumulating evidence has convinced all except the most stubborn skeptics. The widespread acceptance of this theory is based upon four major astronomical observations:

The Motion of the Galaxies

The Slipher and Hubble observations, based on the light-spectrum of stars, established that the galaxies are receding. The most distant galaxies are moving away from us at velocities approaching the speed of light. Modern astronomy, using data from the Hubble Space Telescope, is refining the measurements of galactic velocities. "Hubble's Law" is now accepted as a central tenet of cosmology.


Spiral Galaxy, NGC 4414

The discovery of Cosmic Background Radiation

In 1965 researchers at Bell Telephone Labs made one of the greatest discoveries in 500 years of modern astronomy. It happened by accident. Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson were testing a large horn-shaped antenna designed for radio communications with the Echo and Telstar satellites. They found persistent radio static coming from all directions in the sky. This extraterrestrial microwave radiation was at exactly the wave-lengths predicted by the original Cosmic explosion. Penzias and Wilson received the 1978 Nobel prize for their work.

The Composition of the Universe

The major elements that comprise the universe: 73% Hydrogen, 24% Helium, and 3% heavier elements correspond exactly to the predicted result of an initial cosmic fireball.

The Discovery of 'Cosmic Seeds'

"...this is like looking at God" -- Dr. George Smoot

The distribution of matter in the universe has long been an observation in need of an explanation. When we look at the universe, matter is not distributed evenly and uniformly. If it were, the whole universe would consist of a thin cloud of gas, with no stars or planets and consequently, no life. On the contrary, in the observed universe, matter is concentrated into planets, stars, galaxies and clusters of galaxies. The fact that the cosmic background radiation appeared amazingly uniform in all directions created a problem - how were stars, planets and galaxies formed? Where were the 'seeds' of these later galaxies? In early 1992, astrophysicist George Smoot reported finding slight, but persistent, fluctuations in the background radiation, like ripples in a pond after a stone is thrown in. Smoot calls them 'wrinkles in time'. They are the cosmic seeds from which galaxies and clusters of galaxies would develop. "If you're religious," said Professor Smoot, reporting his great discovery, "this is like looking at God." [Time, Dec. 28/ 92.]

It is based on this accumulation of evidence that astronomer, Dr. Ross states:

"Since 1990, astronomers had been certain that the universe must have erupted from ...[an] extremely hot, extremely compact creation event" [Cosmology's Holy Grail]

Nobel laureate Dr. Penzias strongly affirms this view:

"...the creation of the universe is supported by all the observable data astronomy has produced so far." [Cosmos,... p. 79]

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