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The Living Universe
Scientific evidence of God's design


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The Big Bang Implies a Beginning

What do these scientists see in the universe that leads them to contemplate the existence of God? First, the Big Bang implies a beginning, a creation event. For centuries, since the time of Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), scientists held the view of a static, unchanging universe, governed by Newton's law of gravity.

Albert Einstein's theory of Relativity changed all that.

Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein

Einstein's theories implied that the universe was not static, but dynamic. Einstein, himself was uncomfortable with the implication that the universe had a beginning. He wrote, "This circumstance [of an expanding Universe] irritates me," and in another letter... "To admit such possibilities seems senseless." [Jastrow, God and the Astronomers, p. 27-28] Despite Einstein's irritation, the implication was inescapable. American astronomers Vesto M. Slipher (1913) and Edwin Hubble (1929) in their studies of the galaxies, demonstrated that the universe is in fact expanding. Hubble found that the galaxies are receding - moving away from the earth - and the more distant galaxies are receding more rapidly. This relationship - further, faster - implied that at some time in the distant past all the planets, stars and galaxies were concentrated in an infinitely dense, infinitely hot fireball. The Big Bang theory of the universe was born. The first supporting evidence was presented.

"...the creation of the universe is supported by all the observable data astronomy has produced..." ?Dr. Arno Penzias

The Big Bang has Profound Implications

Scholars immediately recognized the profound theological implications of the Big Bang theory. It implied a creation event. As Nobel-prize winner, Dr. Arno Penzias expresses it:

"Astronomy leads us to a unique event, a universe which was created out of nothing..." Moreover, the idea of "the creation of the universe is supported by all the observable data astronomy has produced so far." [Cosmos,..., p. 79, 83]

A typical narrative of the Big Bang begins like this:

"At a particular instant roughly 15 billion years ago, all the matter and energy we can observe, concentrated in a region smaller than a dime, began to expand and cool at an incredibly rapid rate..." [The Evolution of the Universe, P. James Peebles et. al.]

Such a big bang, creation event raises the question: 'If the universe had a beginning then what or who was the First Cause?' A few scientists were willing to suggest answers. The British theorist Edward Milne concluded a mathematical treatise on relativity by writing:

"As to the first cause of the Universe, in the context of expansion, that is left for the reader to insert, but our picture is incomplete without Him." [Modern Cosmology ..., E. A. Milne].

Dr. Hugh Ross states the implications more directly:

"If the universe is 'exploding', there must have been a start and a Starter to that explosion. ...The universe had a beginning -- hence an Initiator, one who existed before and outside of the universe..." [Cosmology's Holy Grail]

And again:

"All the data accumulated in the twentieth century tells us that a transcendent Creator must exist, for all the matter, energy, length, width and height, and even time suddenly and simultaneously came into being from some source beyond itself." [The Creator... p. 70]

Some scientists were quick to see the correspondence between the Big Bang and the Genesis account in the Bible. Dr. Robert Jastrow of the Goddard Space Institute wrote:

"...the astronomical evidence leads to a Biblical view of the origin of the world.... the essential elements in the astronomical and Biblical accounts of Genesis are the same:" [God and the Astronomers, p. 14]

Princeton Astrophysicist, professor Shoichi Yoshikawa also compares the Big Bang origin of the universe with the Bible's account and concludes:

"I see no contradiction with the description of the Old and New Testament concerning the birth of the universe....I think that God originated the universe and life." [Cosmos,... pp. 134-5]

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